Before I go to this place, I never known that there is a beautiful and unique place called Mont Saint Michel in France. When we attend a training program in Paris, the organizer have a program to bring us to Mont Saint Michel. Fortunately, at the day that we are going to Mont Saint Michel, my wife already come from Indonesia, so she can joint that program.
Mont Saint-Michel is a small rocky tidal island in Normandy, Northern France. It is located approximately one kilometer off the country’s north-western coast of France. is a geographical region corresponding to the former Duchy of Normandy. The continental territory covers 30,627 km² and forms the preponderant part of Normandy and roughly 5% of the territory of France (wikipedia). A tidal island is a piece of land that is connected to the mainland by a natural or man-made causeway that is exposed at low tide and submerged at high tide. So, Mont Saint Michel will submerge with the mainland when tide going high.
We go by TGV from Paris and finally connected by bus to Mont Saint Michel. When we close to Mont Saint Michel, the bus stopped. George Pierron ask us to go outside the bus, give explanation and ask us to enjoy a fantastic view to Mont Saint Michel. I don’t know, do you agree with me that the two above picture is fantastic?
We go to Mont Saint Michel when the tide level was low, so we can go to small rocky island of Mont Saint Michel. We take lunch together and going up to the top of the building (church). Wikipedia explain about the church as follows:
William de Volpiano, the Italian architect who had built the Abbey of Fécamp in Normandy, was chosen as building contractor by Richard II of Normandy in the 11th century. He designed the Romanesque church of the abbey, daringly placing the transept crossing at the top of the mount. Many underground crypts and chapels had to be built to compensate for this weight; these formed the basis for the supportive upward structure that can be seen today. Today Mont-Saint-Michel is seen as a Romanesque style church.
Robert de Thorigny, a great supporter of Henry II of England (who was also Duke of Normandy), reinforced the structure of the buildings and built the main façade of the church in the 12th century. In 1204 the Breton Guy de Thouars, allied to the King of France, undertook the siege of the Mount. After having set fire to the village and having massacred the population, he was obliged to beat a retreat under the powerful walls of the abbey. Unfortunately, the fire which he himself lit extended to the buildings, and the roofs fell prey to the flames. Horrified by the cruelty and the exactions of his Breton ally, Philip Augustus offered Abbot Jourdain a grant for the construction of a new Gothic-style architectural set which included the addition of the refectory and cloister.
Charles VI is credited with adding major fortifications to the abbey-mount, building towers, successive courtyards and strengthening the ramparts.
The following picture is a book of Mont Saint Michel that I bought when I visit Month Saint Michel. You can see another beautiful view of Mont Saint Michel at the cover of the book. If you want to see another explanation and good picture of this place, you can googling it in Google Image or find it in Wikipedia,